This is how the city wall was rebuilt. The High Priest Eliashib and his fellow priests rebuilt the Sheep Gate, dedicated it, and put the gates in place. They dedicated the wall as far as the Tower of the Hundred and the Tower of Hananel.
The men of Jericho built the next section. Zaccur son of Imri built the next section.
The clan of Hassenaah built the Fish Gate. They put the beams and the gates in place, and put in the bolts and bars for locking the gate.
Meremoth, the son of Uriah and grandson of Hakkoz, built the next section. Meshullam, the son of Berechiah and grandson of Meshezabel, built the next section. Zadok son of Baana built the next section.
The men of Tekoa built the next section, but the leading men of the town refused to do the manual labor assigned them by the supervisors.
Joiada son of Paseah and Meshullam son of Besodeiah rebuilt Jeshanah Gate. They put the beams and the gates in place, and put in the bolts and bars for locking the gate.
Melatiah from Gibeon, Jadon from Meronoth, and the men of Gibeon and Mizpah built the next section, as far as the residence of the governor of West-of-Euphrates.
Uzziel son of Harhaiah, a goldsmith, built the next section. Hananiah, a maker of perfumes, built the next section, as far as Broad Wall.
Rephaiah son of Hur, ruler of half of the Jerusalem District, built the next section.
Jedaiah son of Harumaph built the next section, which was near his own house. Hattush son of Hashabneiah built the next section.
Malchijah son of Harim and Hasshub son of Pahath Moab built both the next section and the Tower of the Ovens.
Shallum son of Hallohesh, ruler of the other half of the Jerusalem District, built the next section. (His daughters helped with the work.)
Hanun and the inhabitants of the city of Zanoah rebuilt the Valley Gate. They put the gates in place, put in the bolts and the bars for locking the gate, and repaired the wall for fifteen hundred feet, as far as the Rubbish Gate.
Malchijah son of Rechab, ruler of the Beth Haccherem District, rebuilt the Rubbish Gate. He put the gates in place, and put in the bolts and the bars for locking the gate.
Shallum son of Colhozeh, ruler of the Mizpah District, rebuilt the Fountain Gate. He covered the gateway, put the gates in place, and put in the bolts and the bars. At the Pool of Shelah he built the wall next to the royal garden, as far as the stairs leading down from David's City.
Nehemiah son of Azbuk, ruler of half of the Bethzur District, built the next section, as far as David's tomb, the pool, and the barracks.
The following Levites rebuilt the next several sections of the wall: Rehum son of Bani built the next section; Hashabiah, ruler of half of the Keilah District, built the next section on behalf of his district;
Bavvai son of Henadad, ruler of the other half of the Keilah District, built the next section;
Ezer son of Jeshua, ruler of Mizpah, built the next section in front of the armory, as far as the place where the wall turns;
Baruch son of Zabbai built the next section, as far as the entrance to the house of the High Priest Eliashib;
Meremoth, the son of Uriah and grandson of Hakkoz, built the next section, up to the far end of Eliashib's house.
The following priests rebuilt the next several sections of the wall: Priests from the area around Jerusalem built the next section;
Benjamin and Hasshub built the next section, which was in front of their houses; Azariah, the son of Maaseiah and grandson of Ananiah, built the next section, which was in front of his house;
Binnui son of Henadad built the next section, from Azariah's house to the corner of the wall;
Palal son of Uzai built the next section, beginning at the corner of the wall and the tower of the upper palace near the court of the guard; Pedaiah son of Parosh built the next section, to a point on the east near the Water Gate and the tower guarding the Temple. (This was near that part of the city called Ophel, where the Temple workers lived.)
The men of Tekoa built the next section, their second one, from a point opposite the large tower guarding the Temple as far as the wall near Ophel.
A group of priests built the next section, going north from the Horse Gate, each one building in front of his own house.
Zadok son of Immer built the next section, which was in front of his house. Shemaiah son of Shecaniah, keeper of the East Gate, built the next section.
Hananiah son of Shelemiah and Hanun, the sixth son of Zalaph, built the next section, their second one. Meshullam son of Berechiah built the next section, which was in front of his house.
Malchijah, a goldsmith, built the next section, as far as the building used by the Temple workers and the merchants, which was by the Miphkad Gate to the Temple, near the room on top of the northeast corner of the wall.
The goldsmiths and the merchants built the last section, from the room at the corner as far as the Sheep Gate.
When Sanballat heard that we Jews had begun rebuilding the wall, he became furious and began to ridicule us.
In front of his companions and the Samaritan troops he said, "What do these miserable Jews think they're doing? Do they intend to rebuild the city? Do they think that by offering sacrifices they can finish the work in one day? Can they make building stones out of heaps of burnt rubble?"
Tobiah was standing there beside him, and he added, "What kind of wall could they ever build? Even a fox could knock it down!"
I prayed, "Hear how they make fun of us, O God! Let their ridicule fall on their own heads. Let them be robbed of everything they have, and let them be taken as prisoners to a foreign land.
Don't forgive the evil they do and don't forget their sins, for they have insulted us who are building."
So we went on rebuilding the wall, and soon it was half its full height, because the people were eager to work.
Sanballat, Tobiah, and the people of Arabia, Ammon, and Ashdod heard that we were making progress in rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem and that the gaps in the wall were being closed, and they became very angry.
So they all plotted together to come and attack Jerusalem and create confusion,
but we prayed to our God and kept men on guard against them day and night.
The people of Judah had a song they sang: "We grow weak carrying burdens; There's so much rubble to take away. How can we build the wall today?"
Our enemies thought we would not see them or know what was happening until they were already upon us, killing us and putting an end to our work.
But time after time Jews who were living among our enemies came to warn us of the plans our enemies were making against us.
So I armed the people with swords, spears, and bows, and stationed them by clans behind the wall, wherever it was still unfinished.
I saw that the people were worried, so I said to them and to their leaders and officials, "Don't be afraid of our enemies. Remember how great and terrifying the Lord is, and fight for your relatives, your children, your wives, and your homes."
Our enemies heard that we had found out what they were plotting, and they realized that God had defeated their plans. Then all of us went back to rebuilding the wall.
From then on half of my men worked and half stood guard, wearing coats of armor and armed with spears, shields, and bows. And our leaders gave their full support to the people
who were rebuilding the wall. Even those who carried building materials worked with one hand and kept a weapon in the other,
and everyone who was building kept a sword strapped to their waist. The man who was to sound the alarm on the bugle stayed with me.
I told the people and their officials and leaders, "The work is spread out over such a distance that we are widely separated from one another on the wall.
If you hear the bugle, gather around me. Our God will fight for us."
So every day, from dawn until the stars came out at night, half of us worked on the wall, while the other half stood guard with spears.
During this time I told the men in charge that they and all their helpers had to stay in Jerusalem at night, so that we could guard the city at night as well as work in the daytime.
I didn't take off my clothes even at night, neither did any of my companions nor my servants nor my bodyguards. And we all kept our weapons at hand.
The whole group rose up and took Jesus before Pilate,
where they began to accuse him: "We caught this man misleading our people, telling them not to pay taxes to the Emperor and claiming that he himself is the Messiah, a king."
Pilate asked him, "Are you the king of the Jews?" "So you say," answered Jesus.
Then Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds, "I find no reason to condemn this man."
But they insisted even more strongly, "With his teaching he is starting a riot among the people all through Judea. He began in Galilee and now has come here."
When Pilate heard this, he asked, "Is this man a Galilean?"
When he learned that Jesus was from the region ruled by Herod, he sent him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time.
Herod was very pleased when he saw Jesus, because he had heard about him and had been wanting to see him for a long time. He was hoping to see Jesus perform some miracle.
So Herod asked Jesus many questions, but Jesus made no answer.
The chief priests and the teachers of the Law stepped forward and made strong accusations against Jesus.
Herod and his soldiers made fun of Jesus and treated him with contempt; then they put a fine robe on him and sent him back to Pilate.
On that very day Herod and Pilate became friends; before this they had been enemies.
Pilate called together the chief priests, the leaders, and the people,
and said to them, "You brought this man to me and said that he was misleading the people. Now, I have examined him here in your presence, and I have not found him guilty of any of the crimes you accuse him of.
Nor did Herod find him guilty, for he sent him back to us. There is nothing this man has done to deserve death.
So I will have him whipped and let him go."
The whole crowd cried out, "Kill him! Set Barabbas free for us!"
(Barabbas had been put in prison for a riot that had taken place in the city, and for murder.)
Pilate wanted to set Jesus free, so he appealed to the crowd again.
But they shouted back, "Crucify him! Crucify him!"
Pilate said to them the third time, "But what crime has he committed? I cannot find anything he has done to deserve death! I will have him whipped and set him free."
But they kept on shouting at the top of their voices that Jesus should be crucified, and finally their shouting succeeded.
So Pilate passed the sentence on Jesus that they were asking for.
He set free the man they wanted, the one who had been put in prison for riot and murder, and he handed Jesus over for them to do as they wished.
The soldiers led Jesus away, and as they were going, they met a man from Cyrene named Simon who was coming into the city from the country. They seized him, put the cross on him, and made him carry it behind Jesus.
A large crowd of people followed him; among them were some women who were weeping and wailing for him.
Jesus turned to them and said, "Women of Jerusalem! Don't cry for me, but for yourselves and your children.
For the days are coming when people will say, 'How lucky are the women who never had children, who never bore babies, who never nursed them!'
That will be the time when people will say to the mountains, 'Fall on us!' and to the hills, 'Hide us!'
For if such things as these are done when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?"
Two other men, both of them criminals, were also led out to be put to death with Jesus.
When they came to the place called "The Skull," they crucified Jesus there, and the two criminals, one on his right and the other on his left.
Jesus said, "Forgive them, Father! They don't know what they are doing." They divided his clothes among themselves by throwing dice.
The people stood there watching while the Jewish leaders made fun of him: "He saved others; let him save himself if he is the Messiah whom God has chosen!"
The soldiers also made fun of him: they came up to him and offered him cheap wine,
and said, "Save yourself if you are the king of the Jews!"
Above him were written these words: "This is the King of the Jews."
One of the criminals hanging there hurled insults at him: "Aren't you the Messiah? Save yourself and us!"
The other one, however, rebuked him, saying, "Don't you fear God? You received the same sentence he did.
Ours, however, is only right, because we are getting what we deserve for what we did; but he has done no wrong."
And he said to Jesus, "Remember me, Jesus, when you come as King!"
Jesus said to him, "I promise you that today you will be in Paradise with me."
It was about twelve o'clock when the sun stopped shining and darkness covered the whole country until three o'clock; and the curtain hanging in the Temple was torn in two.
Jesus cried out in a loud voice, "Father! In your hands I place my spirit!" He said this and died.
The army officer saw what had happened, and he praised God, saying, "Certainly he was a good man!"
When the people who had gathered there to watch the spectacle saw what happened, they all went back home, beating their breasts in sorrow.
All those who knew Jesus personally, including the women who had followed him from Galilee, stood at a distance to watch.
There was a man named Joseph from Arimathea, a town in Judea. He was a good and honorable man, who was waiting for the coming of the Kingdom of God. Although he was a member of the Council, he had not agreed with their decision and action.
He went into the presence of Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus.
Then he took the body down, wrapped it in a linen sheet, and placed it in a tomb which had been dug out of solid rock and which had never been used.
It was Friday, and the Sabbath was about to begin.
The women who had followed Jesus from Galilee went with Joseph and saw the tomb and how Jesus' body was placed in it.
Then they went back home and prepared the spices and perfumes for the body. On the Sabbath they rested, as the Law commanded.